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Arduino Microcontroller Boards in Digital Learning for Science and STEM Education: A Bibliometric Analysis (2012-2022)


  • Felicia SPK SMAK PENABUR Kelapa Gading, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Anna SPK SMAK PENABUR Kelapa Gading, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Amanda SPK SMAK PENABUR Kelapa Gading, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Norbertus Krisnu Prabowo Universitas Negeri Jakarta



STEM Education, Arduino, Microcontroller, Bibliometric Analysis, Digital Learning


An approximate assessment of the community's magnitude from a Google search revealed that the term "Arduino" generated more than 77 million search results, while the combined search term "Arduino AND digital learning" yielded around 16 million hits. This study aims to analyze the role of Arduino microcontroller boards in digital learning environments for science and STEM Education from a bibliometric perspective in the last decade. A total of 842 articles were analyzed from the Scopus database from 2012 to 2022. The findings revealed that the year 2021 witnessed the highest volume of publications, with the United States emerging as the most prolific country, followed by India, Indonesia, Brazil, and China. Among the authors, Yasmin B. Kafai garnered the highest frequency of citations, with Calin Galeriu, S Kubínová, J Šlégr, and James P. Grinias also being prominently cited. The keyword "Arduino" exhibits connections with terms such as "android," "Bluetooth," "distance learning," "e-learning," "low-cost," "simulation," and "IoT." This emerging trend reveals the strong connection among Arduino hardware, e-learning websites, and digital tools to scaffold skills among students. This study presents valuable findings that can serve as a valuable resource for future research.

Author Biography

Norbertus Krisnu Prabowo, Universitas Negeri Jakarta

Norbertus Krisnu Prabowo is currently works as a chemistry teacher at SPK SMAK PENABUR KELAPA GADING, Jakarta 14240, Indonesia. He received his bachelor’s degree in Chemistry from University of Indonesia in 2007. At the present time, he is taking his postgraduate degree in chemistry education at the Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jakarta 13220, Indonesia. He is also serving as a STEM Facilitator. His current research interests are Arduino, green chemistry, STEM Education, and digital learning. For any inquiries or communication, you can reach him via email at


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