The Impact of Acculturation on Type 2 Diabetes Risk Among Indian Americans
Keywords:india, indian american, immigrant, diaspora, migration, acculturation, medical anthropology, immigration, culture
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a growing health concern among Indian Americans, who have a high prevalence of T2DM compared to other ethnic groups in the United States. This paper examines the impact of acculturation on T2DM risk among first-generation Indian American immigrants through the lens of medical anthropology. As a review of existing literature, it explores cultural factors related to diet, physical activity, stress, and healthcare practices that may contribute to increased T2DM susceptibility after immigration. Potential protective factors related to maintenance of traditional practices are also discussed. The paper proposes future anthropological research directions to further investigate the complex relationship between acculturation and T2DM risk among Indian Americans. Culturally-appropriate interventions and public health strategies are necessary to address modifiable T2DM risk factors in acculturating Indian American communities.
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