Preprint / Version 1

Your Coffee Needs a Teaspoon of Perspective: The Unheard Cry Against Trade


  • Cole Bitting Student
  • Jonathan Loh



Trade makes life comfortable for many around the world and most likely for you reading this now. But the prosperities of trade do not make their ways to every member involved in the process and understanding this may just allow you to gain a newfound perspective of the global markets and international trade.


Abdullahi, I. I., and Z. M. Noor. "The Impact of Economic Growth on Child Labour in Developing Countries." Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development 6.12 (2015): 206-212.

Bernstein’s A Splendid Exchange: How Trade Shaped The World, 372-376; 381-385

Burtless, Gary. “Workers’ Rights: Labor Standards and Global Trade.” Brookings, 1 Sept. 2001,

Thelwell, K. (2020, September 29). Bitter origins: Labor exploitation in coffee production. The Borgen Project.

Loftfield, Erikka et al. “Coffee Drinking Is Widespread in the United States, but Usual Intake Varies by Key Demographic and Lifestyle Factors.” The Journal of nutrition vol. 146,9 (2016): 1762-8. doi:10.3945/jn.116.233940

Osorio, Néstor. "The global coffee crisis: a threat to sustainable development." International Coffee Organization, London 21 (2002).

Trade is getting increasingly scrutinized and being doubted. (Krugman, Paul R. "Is free trade passé?." Journal of economic Perspectives 1.2 (1987): 131-144.)

Watts et al. The Social Impacts of Coffee Trade: A Systematic Review (2021). UKRI GCRF TRADE Hub